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SCSP /TSP

The idea of a Special Component Plan (SCP), which got later changed into Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) and Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) emerged out of the realisation that the development of Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) required a multi-sectoral and multi-departmental approach. This idea was mooted by the then Prime Minister in April, 1975, who said, "unless all the development departments in the State are fully aware of their responsibilities towards the Backward Classes in general, no single department can make an impact on their progress”. SCSP/TSP is a plan within a plan where each department formulates need-based programmes for the development of SCs and STs. Specific financial outlays and physical targets are being prescribed for SCs and STs in the relevant schemes and included in the sectoral plan of each department. They are then aggregated and presented as the SCSP/TSP for the State.

ObjectivesThe following are the broad objectives of the SCP and TSP

  • Substantial reduction in poverty and un-employment.
  • Creation of productive assets in favour of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to sustain the growth likely to accrue through development efforts.
  • Human resource development of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes by providing adequate educational and health services, and
  • Provision of physical and financial security against all types of exploitation and oppression.
    • The following schemes are in place: Credit Enhancement Guarantee Scheme, 'Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship' for Providing Scholarships to pursue programmes in Higher Education such as M.Phil and Ph.D, National Overseas Scholarship, Venture Capital Fund, Free Coaching Scheme, residential schools, Self-Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers, Pre-Matric Scholarship, Post-Matric Scholarship for SC Students, Pre-Matric Scholarships for the Children of those Engaged in Unclean Occupations, income generating family oriented schemes, etc. To facilitate the effective implementation structural mechanisms such as National Scheduled Castes Finance & Development Corporation (NSFDC), National Safaikaramcharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC), Assistance to Scheduled Castes Development Corporations (SCDCs), State Tribal Development Finance Corporation (STFDC), Tribal Development Cooperative Corporations (TDCCs) and TRIFED are also in place.

      A review of the status of SCSP and TSP strategies during the past three decades for the welfare and development of SCs and STs indicates broadly four major issues:

      • Inadequate allocation of funds as per the SC and ST population in the states,
      • Non-utilisation of even the allocated funds.
      • Implementation and administrative bottlenecks.
      • Improper delivery mechanisms at the field level.
      • Lack of appropriate schemes or ill designed schemes, that is , schemes under SCSP and TSP are mostly survival in nature and these are very less useful schemes in comparison with those falling under the current modern growth sector. The schemes are also designed in such way that they do not ensure that the real beneficiaries will be SCs/STs. Mainly they are general in nature.
      • National allocation of funds to SCP and TSP, that is fulfilling SCSP / TSP mandates by making ‘paper allocations’ where population proportionate budgets are reported as SCSP/ TSP allocations and a utilisations, as for example: expense shown understaff salary, office expenses, construction works

      Denied allocations in SCSP and TSP in 11th five year plan (2007-12)- Rs in Crore

      Financial year

      Total plan budget

      Due as per TSP

      TSP allocation (per cent to total plan)

      Missing amount

      Due as per SCSP

      SCSP allocation (per cent to total plan)

      Missing amount

      2007-08(RE)

      1,58,491

      12,996.3

      7,447.0 (4.7per cent)

      5,549.3
      (3.5per cent)

      25,675.5

      12,367.7 (7.8per cent)

      13,307.8 (8.4per cent)

      2008-09(RE)

      1,83,528

      15,049.3

      8,771.0 (4.8per cent)

      6,278.3 (3.4per cent)

      29,731.5

      14,727 (8per cent)

      15,004.5 (8.2per cent)

      2009-10(RE)

      2,33,386

      19,137.7

      8,600.6 (3.7per cent)

      10,537.0 (4.5per cent)

      37,808.5

      15,905.7 (6.8per cent)

      21,902.9 (9.4per cent)

      2010-11(RE)

      2,84,284

      23,311.3

      10,363.3 (3.6per cent)

      12,948.0 (4.6per cent)

      46,054.0

      23,153.2 (8.1per cent)

      22,900.8 (8.1per cent)

      2011-12(RE)

      3,27,396

      26,846.5

      17,959.0 (5.5per cent)

      8,887.4
      (2.7per cent)

      53,038.2

      29,917.5 (9.1per cent)

      23,120.7 (7.1per cent)

      TOTAL

      11,87,085

      97,341.0

       53,141.0

      44,200.0 (3.7per cent)

      1,92,307.7

      96,071.1 (8.1per cent)

      96,236.7 (8.1per cent)

      Source: Union Budget 2007-08, 2012-13, Vol.1, Statement 21

      Allocations for the Scheduled Caste Sub Plan (SCSP) and the Scheduled Tribe Sub Plan (STSP) were drastically cut down this year. In principle the allotment should have been 16.6 per cent for SCSP and 8.6 per cent for STSP of the total outlay. Though no government in the past reached this target, every year there has been marginal increase in the allocation. This year, comparing with last year’s budget which was about Rs 43,208 crore for SCSP and Rs 26,714 crore for STSP it was significantly low for dalits at Rs 30,850 crore and for adivasis Rs 19,980. From the gender perspective, the allocation for women specific schemes is a meager sum of Rs 73.70 crore, which amounts to only 0.23 per cent of the SCSP allocation.

Government Scheme

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SCSP STSC Government Scheme